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Uber Greece: A Century of Atrocities

Greek Austerity Measures Smell Like A German Concentration Camp

Eugene Stovall

Oakland, California

Like the Swede who said that the problem with America is that there are too many Negroes, German intellectuals from the early 20th century have believed the problem with Greece is there are too many Greeks. For over a century the Germans have committed atrocities against the Greek people for which they have never been held accountable. Furthermore, after WWII, the British and Americans aided and abetted the German’s barbaric behavior towards the Greek people. Why?

German World War I Atrocities Against the Greeks

German officers, commanding Turkish soldiers, murdered 353,000 Greeks in their ancestral and historic homeland of Pontus. Pontine Greeks had lived on the southern coast of the Black Sea, just southwest of the Caucasus Mountains, the supposed birthplace of Aryanism for 3,000 years. For some reason having to do with Aryanism and the Caucasus, the Germans decided to exterminate this uniquely vibrant Greek community.

Afterward exterminating the Pontine Greeks, in order to complete their deranged eugenic scheme, Germans forcibly relocated one million Greek Orthodox Christians living in Turkey to the Greek mainland. These two atrocities ended thousands of years of Hellenic civilization in Turkey.

German World War II Atrocities Against the Greeks

Kondomari: All the male Greek civilians from the village of Kondomari on Crete were executed by German paratroopers on June 2, 1941.

Kandanos: After murdering 180 of its inhabitants, German soldiers burned the village of Kandanos in Western Crete on June 3,1941.

Mesovouno: On October 23, 1941, German soldiers machine gunned all men in the village of Mesovouno and burned down their homes.

Kalavryta: In August, 1943, German soldiers machine-gunned all the males in the town of Kalavryta, which sits on the Gulf of Corinth. The Germans locked all women and children in the local school and burned the school down. The following day Germans burned down the Agia Lavra monastery, a landmark of the Greek War of Independence.

Paramythia: Germans murdered 201 Greek villagers and destroyed artistic treasures and monuments in 19 provincial buildings in the region of Paramythia in September 1943.

Drakeia: On December 18, 1943, German soldiers murdered 118 men and burned their houses in the village of Drakeia, located on Mount Pelion, in Thessaly.

Pyrgoi: In April 1944, the Germans burned down the village of Pyrgoi in Ptolemaida after murdering all 268 of its inhabitants.

Distomo: On June 10, 1944, 214 men, women and children were murdered in Distomo, a small village near the historic site of Delphi. Survivors said that SS officers “ bayoneted babies in their cribs, stabbed pregnant women, and beheaded the village priest.

German Atrocities: Genocide or Archeology?

If Indiana Jones had been in Greece during the Second World War, he would have known exactly what the Germans were up to. The noted archeologist would have investigated the looting of monasteries, the destruction of landmarks and the desecration of the oracle’s temple at Delphi and come to the inevitable conclusion that the Germans were engaged in some kind of archeological quest. The Germans turned Greece into their own archaeological site twisting their peculiar Philhellenism to serve the Third Reich. But were their excavations directed at something specific or were the Germans merely looting anything they could find?

Germany has a long tradition of revering classical Greece culture. German intellectuals especially esteemed Greek monuments, Greek landmarks and Greek music. But Germans despised the Greek people. The founder of the German school of archaeological positivism, Julius Beloch, held that archaeology was the one true, scientific source of accurate information on the ancients. Beloch and his school of archaeology carefully studied the objects they looted, but that didn’t mean they were objective even before the fanaticism of the Third Reich. Beloch, like other German intellectuals, intended that his scientific discoveries be used only to support the myth of the German master race.

German Philhellenism

The German philosopher and romantic, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel said that Greece defined culture for the Germany. Hegel believed that Neo-Hellenism not only gave Germans their sense of culture, it also gave Germans their sense of destiny. All intellectual pursuits at Gottingen, the German university endowed by the King George III of England to the study ethnicity and racism, were directed toward constructing a broad cultural alliance between Germany and Greece. Gottingen’s mission was to project Germany as the new Hellas in order to give Germans a positive national identity.

Greek culture had always held a central place for Germans. Gottingen scholars ‘proved’ that philosophy could only come from temperate climes such as Greece and Germany. But Gottingen scholars did not consider philosophy either rational or moral, for that matter. Germans believed philosophy began with the German language and the German myths. German philosophy was descriptive. The German language became philosophy when it told the German people how they should feel about the ‘Fatherland'. German philosophy was developed at the emotional and cultural levels. Adding words like, mass murderers, blitzkrieg, concentration camp, Gestapo, International Jewry, ghetto, unrestricted war, master race, eugenics, genome and Totenkopf to the internationally recognized lexicon is German philosophy.

Philosophy is a people’s national pride. Gottingen created an epistemology linking Greek culture to the German language. This epistemology is considered one of Gottingen’s major philosophical achievements. Throughout its history, Gottingen provided the intellectual constructs for converting racist propaganda into philosophical orthodoxy. Even in the twenty-first century, Gottingen remains true to its mission of building the myth of the Teutonic superman and is now a leading European research center in the field of biological manipulation of the human genome.

Greek War of Liberation

When the Greeks attempted to free themselves from the Turkish rule in 1821, the sultan of the Ottoman Empire called upon Egypt to assist in quelling the rebellion. In the 1800s Mohammed Ali, an Albanian strongman, seized control of Egypt and instituted a revival of the Egyptian economy. Under Mohammed Ali’s leadership, Egypt became second only to England in agricultural production and industrial capacity. The strongman used Egypt’s industrial capacity to buildup the Egyptian army, conquering Libya, Sudan, Arabia, and Syria.

The use of an Africans army to subdue the Greek insurrection prompted a white reaction all over the world. Overnight Greek letter societies sprung up on campuses, everywhere. So greatly did the Germans view the threat, that not only student groups at German universities, but German fraternities that were little more than drinking societies became Greek letter societies. So alarmed were white people by the attack of Asian and African powers upon Greece, that the Greek letter societies spoke with one voice. They demanded immediate action. England, France and Russia dispatched warships to Pylos, a major Greek city on the west coast of the Peloponnesian peninsula. The allied fleet bottled up the Turkish and Egyptian fleet in Navarino Bay and annihilated it. The naval victory assured Greek independence from Turkey, but it was not enough. The British harbored grave concerns over the Egyptian military threat. So England imposed a series of potent economic, political and military sanctions against Mohammed Ali. The effect was so great that by 1880 England had completely subdued and colonized Egypt.

German Response To Greek Independence

Though Germany’s military power was at its nadir in the 1800s, three hundred Germans fought in the Greek War for Independence and thousands of German students and intellectuals such as Hegel, Schlegel and Marx supported the struggle. The Greek letter societies characterized the Greek War of Independence as a struggle of a young and vigorous European race against the corrupt and lazy African and Asiatic races. But neither the German drinking societies nor the German intellectuals were interested in saving the Greek population. The Germans idealized the classic Greeks of ancient times, along with their monuments and shrines. The Germans wanted to save monuments, preserve art and re-create Greek music. However, the Greek people, themselves, fell far short of German standards of linguistic and racial purity. While German intellectuals applauded the dramatic orations, comedies and tragedies presented in Greek theaters complete with stage settings and a musical chorus, they distrusted Socratic reasoning and Platonic liberalism. The one German intellectual who came closest in reflecting true German philhellenism was the brilliant musical genius, German composer, Richard Wagner.

Wilhelm Richard Wagner who died in 1883 was known for his operas or, as some called them, musical dramas. Presenting his dramas in epic proportions, Wagner wanted his audience to find their spiritual and patriotic alter egos in his presentations. In doing this Wagner used classical Greek stagecraft. In his Cycle of the Ring, Wagner created a transcendental work of cultural enlightenment that transfixed Wagner’s audiences. Friedrich Nietzsche a member of Wagner's inner circle, at one time, described Wagner's music as casting aside Apollonian decadence and initiating a Dionysian rebirth. Richard Wagner’s Greek cultural expressions animated and invigorated the souls of German folk.

At the same time, German intellectuals held the national character of the Greek people up to scorn. Gottingen scholars identified Dorian Greeks as being of pure Aryan stock. They claimed that the Dorian Greeks were without any alien admixture and very close to Germans in race and character. Gottingen declared Ionian Greeks, like those living on the southwestern shore of the Black Sea for 3000 years, Semitic mongrels.

From Cultural Philhellenism To Political Racism

Gottingen scholars invented their Aryan myths such as the theory of the racially-pure Dorians, no other European scholars objected. In fact, these racial theories were fully accepted. The French nobleman, Arthur, Comte de Gobineau supported Gottingen’s racist scholarship in his essay on the Aryan master race. Gobineau declared that modern Greeks were so mongrelized by Egyptians and Semites that they could no longer be considered descendants of the ancient Greeks.

Thus German intellectuals and Gottingen scholars successfully prepared the German people with the racist fanaticism that demanded a government like the Third Reich. The racial ideal of the Teutonic superman formed the German national character. Germans now thought of themselves as the master race whose destiny was to bring order to the world. Once German feelings of national identity reached the level of irrational fanaticism and it was in their power execute programs of population control against the inferior races, it was easy for them to decide to add another population to their list: the Greeks.

From World War II to Greek Civil War

In 1941, when Greek partisans defeated Italian aggression, the Germans came to the Italians’ rescue. For four years, Greeks resisted the German occupation of their country. The Germans rewarded Greek bravery by turning Greece from a modestly well-to-do country in 1941 to a state of total economic, physical and political collapse in 1944.

The Germans occupation destroyed the Greek farm production capacity. Wheat and barley production dropped 40 percent; beans, 36 percent; tobacco, 89 percent; cotton, 75 percent; olive oil, 16 percent; grapes and raisins, 66 percent; wine, 50 percent; fruits, 20 percent. The Germans killed 60 percent of the horses, mules, and cattle; 50 percent of the donkeys, sheep and goats; 80 percent of the hogs; and 50 percent of the chickens.

The Germans destroyed 25 percent of the country's forests; destroyed 56 percent of the roads; 90 percent of the bridges; 65 percent of automobiles; 60 percent of the trucks; 80 percent of the buses; 100 percent of the trains and railways; 80 percent of the factories; 100 percent of the water and sewage facilities; and 100 percent of telephone communications. The Germans blew up the principal Greek harbors and burned dock facilities, installations, machinery and quays. The Germans blew up the Corinth canal and sank 74 percent of the Greek ships.

The Germans bombed all major Greek cities into ruins. From northern Epirus to the Dodecanese, large and small buildings, churches, schools, hospitals and homes became just so much rubble. 1,770 Greek villages, 90% of the villages in every Greek province, were burned to the ground.

Using mass hangings, shootings and specially constructed death vans, the Germans murdered thirteen percent of the Greek population.

Winston Churchill’s ‘Naughty Document’

In October 1944, Winston Churchill and Josef Stalin divided various European countries into spheres of influence. Churchill referred to the agreement as the ‘naughty document.’ Greece fell to Great Britain.

Many comparisons between the Spanish civil war and the Greek civil war abound including betrayal by the Soviet Union of both countries. With Stalin’s forbearance, Churchill decided to rid Greece of the overwhelming number of militias armed by Russia to fight the Germans. Under the direction of British officers, Greek government’s forces ___ many of whom had been recruited and trained by the Germans ___ attacked the anti-Nazi militias. The British army provided logistical support and former German SS officers served as ‘advisors.’ Just as in Spain barely ten years earlier, Russian indifference gave Germany the opportunity to murder those Greeks who had survived the war. The Greek fascists who collaborated with the Germans during WWII were returned to power under the authority of the British government. Once they had done the bidding of the British and Americans, the German SS ‘advisers’ were whisked away through the ‘rat line’ escape route provided by the Vatican, the Red Cross as well as the Swiss, British and American governments. The Greek fascists formed a secret society known as the Holy Bond of Greek Officers. The world would come to know this particular group of fascists as the ‘colonels.’

Cold War Atrocities Against Greece

On April 21, 1967, a junta of Greek military, intelligence, and secret police officers launched a coup and seized control of Greece. Obeying instructions from England’s MI6 and the US CIA, the “colonels” canceled all upcoming national and provincial elections. England and the US worried that, if the upcoming elections were allowed to take place, socialists would take control of Greece. The junta rounded up 10,000 Greek citizens ____ political activists, union leaders, artists, academics, students, priests and war time anti-Germans partisans. Before their executions, military and security police tortured their captives. Some were tortured for information, others to terrorize families and friends and still others were tortured in retaliation for resisting the German occupation. WWII did not end for Greece. Instead British and American military intelligence supported the continued extermination of Greek citizens.

To keep themselves in power, for seven years in the land that invented democracy, the ‘colonels’ pursued a fascist agenda ___ following the German model of rule. The Greek government denied civil rights and arrested, tortured, imprisoned and murdered Greek citizens. The war against fascism did not end in Greece until civilian rule was restored in 1974, almost thirty years after WWII.

German-Imposed Austerity: A Twenty-first Century Atrocity

The imposition of austerity measures by Germany and the European Union is a continuation of German atrocities against Greece ___ and it stinks. Over and over again, the Germans declared that they did not know about the mass executions. ‘It was the Nazis,’ the Germans told the world. ‘Nazi’ ___ from the word Ashkenazi ___ a secret German code word for ‘Jew.’ Dachau and Buchenwald were short distances from major German cities and these German concentration camps stunk.

Dachau is located in Bavaria, 10 miles northwest of Munich. Its crematorium consisted of four sizeable ovens used to incinerate corpses. Each day the corpses of thousands of murder victims were burned in those ovens. Each day the smells of burned flesh and melted human grease belched from the ovens and wafted over the Bavarian countryside. The smells of burning human flesh reached as far as Munich.

Buchenwald concentration camp is four miles from Weimar and 20 miles from Leipzig. 56,000 people were murdered at Buchenwald from 1937 to 1945, an average of 7000 a year or about 200 per day. They did not burn their victims at Buchenwald. The daily stench of dead rotting corpses was horrific.

Germans knew what their government was doing and approved. They believed then ___ and believe now ___ they are superior, just like the Jews believe they are chosen and the Christians believe their ongoing crimes are forgiven. Today the Germans are still following the racist theories that ooze out of Gottingen that there are too many Greeks in Greece ___ and the genocide of Greek people is fully supported by Christians and Jews, alike.