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Blog: Forty Acres And A Mule

Joe Biden opposes

reparations; he’s already got

the Negro vote. But his rivals

hope that reparations will help

them pick Negro voters from

Biden’s pockets

Eugene Stovall

Oakland, California August, 2019

In his comic strip, Peanuts, Charles Schulz stages an annual drama between a gullible Charlie Brown and his long time tormentor, Lucy Schroeder. Each autumn for over 50 years, Lucy offers to hold a football so Charlie Brown can kick it over the goal posts. At the last minute, Lucy always snatches the football away, leaving a befuddled Charlie Brown lying on the ground with only Lucy’s taunt for comfort. In 1996, Lucy explained the annual ritual:

Lucy: “Symbolism, Charlie Brown! The ball! The desire!”

Charlie Brown: “Somehow, I’ve missed the symbolism.”

Lucy: “You also missed the ball.”

Perhaps Schulz drew inspiration for his annual “saga of the swipe” from white supremacy’s perpetual betrayed of black people and the platitudes that white liberals offer in compensation.

General William Tecumseh Sherman issued Special Field Order No. 15 distributing 400,000 acres of land in 40-acre parcels to the slaves he freed as his army marched through the south. With each forty-acre parcel, Sherman also provided a mule. After Lincoln’s assassination, President Andrew Johnson, a Democrat, took away the former slaves’ mules, evicted them from their forty-acre parcels and returned the land, as well as the mules, to the white slavers.

In 1890, Callie House, a former slave, enrolled 300,000 dues-paying members in her National Ex-Slave Mutual Relief, Bounty and Pension Association. Since the government had barred slaves from voting, marrying or testifying in court, House argued that now the government should pay reparations to her members. Whites, however, demanded that the government disband the National Ex-Slave Association. They claimed that House was inciting the former slaves with her talk of reparations. Whites further claimed that blacks would become unruly and a threat to law and order when they realized government reparations weren’t forthcoming. The government agreed and ordered the Ex-Slave Association disbanded. It also prohibited House from using the mail to recruit new members. House said that the constitution gave every citizen the right to assemble and she continued to mail out her petitions. The government arrested and convicted Callie House of mail fraud, saying that she knew that the former slaves would never receive any reparations.

H.R. 40: A Reparations Study Bill

For 25 years, Congressman John Conyers introduced H.R. 40, a bill to establish a seven-member commission that would study slavery’s legacy and make recommendations for reparations. For years, H.R.-40 did not even receive a public hearing. However, in December 2008, a Democrat-controlled Congress allowed a subcommittee of the House Judiciary Committee to hear H.R. 40. The bill was not sent to the full committeer. Whites weren’t interested in giving black people reparations; Democrats used reparations to get black votes.

In his 18th century treatise, The Wealth Of Nations, Adam Smith laid down the economic rules for white supremacy. Smith said that it didn’t matter how much gold and silver a nation had. It only mattered how much more gold and silver a nation had than its neighbors. The father of capitalism said excess, not equity, created wealth. To increase their wealth, white Americans spend millions for mass incarceration so as not to pay a dime in reparations.

Black Reparations? You Can’t Be Serious!

In the aftermath of the Civil War, Radical Republicans half-heartedly created the Freedman’s Bureau, which gave former slaves limited rights, opened schools and provided some land. But ten years after the war, the Freedman’s Bureau was closed when whites agreed that a redemption of national unity was preferable to a reconstruction of American values. With the end of reconstruction, evil men were empowered to reestablish a racist society. Masonic lodges, Knights of the Golden Circle, White Liners, Skull & Bonesmen, Knights of Malta, Red Shirts, Knights of Columbus and Ku Klux Klansmen coordinated their activities so as to control black labor and create wealth and privilege for white people. Southern-bred terrorism and lawlessness spread throughout United States. Whites attacked blacks for not removing their hats, refusing to give up their personal possessions, disobeying preachers, black or white, using insolent language or disputing verbal labor agreements. Black schools and churches were burned, black voters and political candidates were murdered, uppity or prosperous black men were identified and lynched. After WWI, black veterans wearing Army uniforms were assaulted. During the ‘red summer’ of 1919, whites moved from attacking individuals to coordinating violent assaults upon entire black communities such as Longview, Chicago and Washington, D.C. In 1921, a white supremacist cabal plotted the annihilation of the entire black business and residential community of Tulsa, Oklahoma. Armed white mobs attacked black people who possessed few weapons to defend themselves. Airplanes owned by the Sinclair Oil Company, now Mobil Oil, firebombed buildings and machine-gunned women and children fleeing the flames. After the destruction, Tulsa’s whites herded the survivors into concentration camps, caging them the way ICE cages nonwhite immigrants today. The Tulsa city council confiscated all real estate and property owned by blacks and sold it to white land speculators. The state paid reparations to banks holding liens on the property.

[Blood And Brotherhood: A Novel Of Love In A Time Of Hate, by Eugene Stovall, describes the heroism of the African Blood Brotherhood and black WWI veterans who fought off the white mobs invading Tulsa in 1921. The book identifies individuals like Peg Leg Taylor who sent white racists to hell with the few weapons they had, until the Oklahoma National Guard attacked. ]

In 1923, the Masons and the Ku Klux Klan coordinated an attack on the small, defenseless, backwoods town of Rosewood. White savages meticulously burned every building, shot and hung every black man and raped and murdered every black woman and child.

Reparations For Reverse Discrimination

Abraham Lincoln’s original proposal to free the slaves also included an expansive and expensive reparations plan. Lincoln proposed that, after abolition, the government should compensate the slaveholders for their losing their slaves. Thix idea that whites should receive compensation for losing white privileges was recognized even in the civil rights period. Whites of all political persuasions and economic circumstances considered themselves victims of civil rights demands and expected the government to pay them reparations. This was especially true in the case of affirmative action, which whites universally branded as reverse discrimination.

In it’s Bakke vs University of California decision, the Supreme Court, always a defender of white supremacy, said that it was too late to turn the clock back. It ruled that blacks could not receive protections that were not enjoyed by whites even though economic, social or political restrictions barred blacks from privileges enjoyed by whites. Furthermore, blacks had no protections that whites could not violate as a matter of privilege and precedent. The court did find, however, that the guarantee of equal protection to all persons could not be met if special protections for blacks interfered with white privilege. The court said that there was an inequity in forcing ‘innocent persons,’ i.e. white people, to bear the burden of redressing grievances not of their making. Thus the Supreme Court found that any change in the existing status quo was unfair to whites and awarded Allen Bakke reparation for being the victim of reverse discrimination.

In 1891, the Chicago Tribune editorialized white supremacy’s position on black reparations, declaring: “They have been taught to labor. They have been taught Christian civilization, and to speak the noble English language instead of some African gibberish. The account is square with the ex‑slaves.”

Senate Leader Mitch McConnell recently updated white supremacy’s position. He wouldn’t support reparations for what happened 150 years ago and he thinks sins of slavery are resolved with passing civil-rights legislation and an African American president.

Riding The Blue Wave

Facing a ‘blue wave’ in 2020, Big Money wants a ‘safe’ Democratic presidential nominee. Joe Biden is Big Money’s ‘guy,’ at least for the time being. Biden controls the Negro leaders who control the Negro vote. With these Negroes in his pocket, Joe Biden leads all the polls.

However, Biden may not hold his lead for much longer. Known for his gaffs, Biden ‘dog whistled’ his nostalgia for the days when his rabidly, racist political allies like James O. Eastland controlled the US Senate. By tying himself to Eastland’s legacy, Biden has made it difficult for even Negroes like James Clyburn and John Lewis to remain in his pocket. Even now, Elizabeth Warren and Kamala Harris are cutting into Biden’s lead.

In a speech from the floor of the Senate, James O. Eastland claimed that WWII was fought to maintain white supremacy. He also asserted that the white race was the superior race and the Negro race an inferior race and that the races must be kept separate by law. Racial separation was necessary to prevent chaos and confusion. Segregation was not discrimination, but God’s natural law for promoting racial harmony.

Eastland led the 60,000-member White Citizens’ Council, dedicated to maintaining segregation especially in public education. As Eastland harangued white crowds on the evils of integration, his supporters passed out White Citizens’ Council flyers that declared: “When in the course of human events it becomes necessary to abolish the Negro race, proper methods should be used. Among these are guns, bows and arrows, sling shots and knives: We hold these truths to be self-evident that all whites are created with certain rights, among them are life, liberty, and the pursuit of dead niggers.”

Joe Biden supported anti-school integration programs like those endorsed by Eastland’s White Citizens’ Council. Biden joined Eastland in opposing school integration. Now Biden’s opponents believe that by endorsing reparations, they can pick Biden’s Negroes from his pockets.

Reparations Motivate Black Voters

When Jesse Jackson ran for president in 1984, political pundits called him a fringe candidate. But when Jackson began campaigning on the need for black reparations, he drew support from an otherwise apathetic black electorate. Jackson’s call for reparations caused workers to flock to his campaign. An amazed media began covering Jackson’s candidacy and his reparations proposal with increasing interest. Jackson won over 3 million votes in five primaries and caucuses including Louisiana, the District of Columbia, South Carolina, Virginia, and Mississippi. Overall, Jackson ran third behind Gary Hart and Walter Mondale, the eventual Democratic Party nominee. In 1988, Jackson again supported reparations and doubled his 1984 vote.

The leading 2020 Democratic hopefuls not named Biden ___Kamala Harris, Elizabeth Warren, Julian Castro, Cory Booker and Bernie Sanders ___ are all promoting reparations. In the second presidential debate, Marianne Williamson said that as much as $500 billion in reparations was needed. Elizabeth Warren wants reparations not only for slavery but also for the ‘wealth gap.’

Following Adam Smith’s capitalistic principles, whites have created an enormous wealth gap between themselves and all other non-white Americans, but especially blacks. White people have enriched themselves by accumulating, compounding, and passing down wealth from the sale of slaves; exploiting no-wage or low-wage labor; stealing the assets of non-white peoples and enjoying the benefits of government subsidies and the profits of war. Black people have been excluded from capital, commodity and equity markets, from land and property acquisition programs and, for decades, from wealth accumulation employment opportunities. From 1983 to 2013, black wealth declined 75 percent while white wealth increased 14 percent. By 2020, black wealth will decline another 18% and whites will own 86 times as much wealth as blacks. To some this is the how capitalism works, to others this is the ‘wealth gap.’

A Hearing On Reparations

Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee reintroduced Conyers’ reparations study bill and on June 19, 2019, a House Judiciary Subcommittee held a congressional hearing. Danny Glover Julianne Malveaux and Cory Booker were among those testifying at a hearing meant more to ramp up the 2020 black vote than to address the suffering of black prople. Like Charles Schulz’s saga of the swipe, reparations are just another trick to get gullible blacks to vote for symbols rather than substance. So no matter who wins in 2020, after the polls close plans for reparations will be as serious as plans to provide forty acres and a mule.

Read how blacks defended Tulsa in:

Blood And Brotherhood: A Novel Of Love In A Time Of Hate


Also available at: Amazon, EBAY and Strategic Books